When talking about “doneness” everyone has his or her preference. One man’s “medium rare” is another man’s “raw.” Most recommended temperatures you find online come from the stance of Food Safety, which tend to sway on the side of caution and result in final temperatures for meats and other foods being as much as ten or fifteen degrees (Fahrenheit) higher than what some foods truly need to be cooked at.
After researching and talking to food experts from around the world, we have create a Recommend Temperatures chart that you can use to cook your next meal to the perfect temperature.
|Beef, Veal & Lamb
Roasts, Steaks & Chops
|Med. Rare 130-135°F*
|Medium 135-145°F *
|Med. Well 145-155°F*
|Well Done 155°F-up*
Roasts, Steaks & Chops
Brisket, Ribs, & Pork Butt
* These temperatures are ideal peak temperatures.
Meats should be removed from heat several degrees lower and allowed to rise during resting.
** Our recommended temperatures are consistent with many expert sources for taste and safety. USDA recommended temperatures are 5 to 10°F (2 to 5°C) higher.
Minimum Done Temps for Food Safety
Beef, Veal, & Sausage*
|160 F 71 C|
|Ham (raw)||160 F 71 C|
|Ham (pre-cooked)||140 F 60 C|
|Egg dishes||160 F 71 C|
|Casseroles & Leftovers||165 F 74 C|
|Chicken, Turkey &
Duck (whole or pieces)*
|165 F 74 C|
|Poultry Dark Meat**||175 F 79 C|
|Stuffing (in the bird)||165 F 74 C|
|Tuna, Swordfish & Marlin**||125 F 52 C|
|Other Fish**||140 F 60 C|
Water Temps (at sea level)
|Low Simmer||180 F 82 C|
|Simmer||185 F 85 C|
|Slow Boil||205 F 96 C|
|Rolling Boil||212 F 100 C|
Other Food Temps
|Bread: Rich Dough||190-200 F
|Bread: Lean Dough||200-210 F
|Water temp to add active dry yeast||105-115 F
|Butter: Chilled||35 F 2 C|
|Butter: Softened||60-67 F
Melted & Cooled
Candy or Sugar Syrup Temps (at sea level)
|Soft Ball||234-240 F (112-116 C)||Fondant, Fudge & Pralines|
|Firm Ball||244-248 F (118-120 C)||Caramels|
|Hard Ball||250-266 F (121-130 C)||Divinity & Nougat|
|Soft Crack||270-290 F (132-143 C)||Taffy|
|Hard Crack||300-310 F (149-154 C)||Brittles, Lollipops & Hardtack|
|Caramel||320-350 F (160-177 C)||Flan & Caramel Cages|
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